Modern focus on psychopathology of addiction diseases
Narcology (addiction medicine) is part of psychiatry and therefore diseases associated with the use of psychoactive (narcotic) substances are described in ICD 10 in the pathology section "Mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance use" F10- F19. Addiction, as other mental disorders, results in "the loss of ability to effectively regulate the internal relations of the organism with the environment, and sometimes to the loss of inner balance or adaptation to the environment". The most important factors modeling the addiction include: personal traits, somatic condition, environmental factors, type and dose of psychoactive substances and the duration of their use. Sympomatological complex of dependence has been subject to certain changes over time. Coexisting mental disorders should be added to the above mentioned factors modeling dependence. Epidemiological data collected over many years show that 60% of addicted people have other mental disorders, among them there are complexes (groups): depressive, obsessive, psychotic, hyperactivity, mobility and personality disorder. These disorders change their psychopathological image and modify the course of dependence over time.