Sonographic model parameters of kidney in men and women endo-mesomorphic somatotype depending on the anthropometric indices characteristics
The application of the mathematical method for establishing quantitative relationshipsbetween the set of anthropometric parameters and sonographic parameters of thepatient allows in some cases to significantly improve early diagnosis of diseases, makeit not only timely, but accurate. The purpose of the work is to analyze the regressionmodels of individual sonographic sizes of the kidneys in practically healthy men andwomen of the endo-mesomorphic somatotype, depending on the peculiarities of thestructure and size of the body. Sonographic renal research conducted using ultrasonicdiagnostic system "CAPASEE" SSA-220A (Toshiba, Japan). For each kidney, the length,width (transverse size) and front and rear dimensions were determined; the area of thelongitudinal and transverse sections of the kidneys and their sinuses, as well as thevolume of the right and left kidneys. All of them had an anthropometric survey conductedby V.V. Bunak in the modification of P. P. Shapаrenko. The evaluation of thesomatotype was carried out according to the mathematical scheme of J. Carter and B.Heath. Determining the absolute amount of fat, bone and muscle components of bodyweight was calculated by the formula J. Matiegka and the muscular component - bythe formulas of the American Institute of Nutrition. For the construction of models ofindividual sonographic parameters of the kidneys, the method of stepwise regressionanalysis in the package "STATISTICA 6.1" was used. In practically healthy men andwomen of Podillia endo-mesomorphic somatotype of 16 possible 14 reliable regressionmodels of sonographic parameters of the right and left kidneys, based on anthropo-somatotypological indicators with a determination coefficient, from 0.767 to 0.966 andfrom 0.672 to 0.912 were constructed. The constructed models of sonographicparameters of both kidneys in men endo-mesomorphic somatotype most often includethe circumferential body dimensions (22.4%), cephalometric indices and the thicknessof skin and fat folds (17.1%), body diameters (14.5%), and longitudinal body dimensions(11.8%). The constructed models of sonographic parameters of both kidneys in womenendo-mesomorphic somatotype most often include circumferential body sizes (23.1%),body diameters (20.5%), cephalometric indices (19.2%) and thickness of skin and fatfolds (16.7%). In the analysis of entering into models of sonographic parameters of thekidneys anthropometric and somatotypological indicators, expressed manifestations ofasymmetry and sexual dimorphism
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