Features of changes of the functional state of higher nervous activity of the students of higher educational medical institutions in the dynamics of the academic year


  • V. M. Moroz National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • S. Yu. Makarov National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
Keywords: students, medical institutions of higher education, higher nervous activity, functional state, changes in the dynamics of the academic year

Abstract

In the structure of the most important components to ensure the optimal course of processes of psychophysiological adaptation of student’s youth, a special place occupies a degree of psychophysiological readiness of the organism to effectively mastering professionally meaningful skills and actions. The purpose of the study is to determine the peculiarities of changes in the leading indicators of the functional state of higher nervous activity of students of medical institutions of higher education in the dynamics of the academic year. Determination of the level of development of indicators of the functional state of higher nervous activity of students was conducted during the academic year with the use of the licensed computer complex “Efecton Studio”. Statistical processing of the received materials was carried out on the basis of the use of parametric methods using the program package of multidimensional statistical analysis “Statistica 6.1”. The obtained results confirm the presence of certain regularities. First, attention should be paid to the deterioration during the period of stay in institutions of higher education in the medical profile of the expression of such indicators of the functional state of higher nervous activity as the speed of simple and differentiated visual-motor reactions and the balance of nervous processes. Secondly, it is necessary to determine stable results in the dynamics of the academic year, which are characteristic of the indicators of mobility of the nervous processes. Thirdly, it should be emphasized that for indicators of speed of audio-motor reaction the most typical tendency is gradual improvement in the dynamics of time of stay in medical institutions of higher education. Such a variety of palettes of the studied indicators of the degree of development of the leading indicators of the functional state of higher nervous activity of the body of students and students requires to be taken into account when assessing the psychophysiological status of the subjects and the development of a set of diagnostic means for identifying the processes of forming the functional capabilities and adaptive resources of youth, who receive medical education.

References

[1] Aguado, L., Fernandez-Cahill, M., & Roman, F. J. (2008). Evaluative and Psychophysiological Responses to Short Film Clips of Different Emotional Content. Journal of Psychophysiology, 32, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1027/0269-8803/a000180

[2] Aleksandrov, Yu. I. (2004). Psychophysiology. Saint Petersburg: Piter.

[3] Antomonov, M. Yu. (2017). Mathematical processing and analysis of biomedical data. Kyiv: IIC “Medinform”.

[4] Avdeyuk, O. A., Aseeva, E. N., & Tarasova, I. A. (2011). The problem of adapting students to the conditions of the university and the assistance of the teacher in her decision. In the world of scientific discoveries, 4.1 (16), 405-409.

[5] Baranov, A. A., Kuchma, V. R., & Suhareva, L. M. (2008). Medical and social aspects of adaptation of modern adolescents to conditions of education, training and labor activity. Moscow: GOETAR-Media.

[6] Bodrov, V. A. (2000). Information stress. Moscow: PERSE.

[7] Bodrov, V. A. (2006). Psychology of professional activity. Theoretical and applied problems. Moscow: Publishing house “Institut psikhologii RAN”.

[8] Buckman, J. F., Vaschillo E. G., Fonoberova M., Mezić I., & Bates, M. E. (2018). The Translational Value of Psychophysiology Methods and Mechanisms: Multilevel, Dynamic, Personalized. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 79(2), 229-238. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2018.79.229

[9] Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. D. (2011). Causality orientations moderate the undermining effect of rewards on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 485-489. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2010.10.010

[10] Il’in, E. P. (2005). Psychophysiology of human conditions. Saint Petersburg: Piter.

[11] Installation and use manual “Effective Studio” [Electronic resource]. Access mode: http://effecton.su/docs/manual.pdf.

[12] Kal`ny`sh, V. V., & Shvecz`, A V. (2007). Psychophysiological features of the quality of the tasks at the increase of their complexity. Physiological journal, 53(5), 99-108.

[13] Kalnish, V. V. (2008). Psychophysiological aspects of studying the reliability of operator activity. Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Medicine Problems, 3(15), 81-88.

[14] Kumar Pandey, A. L. & Pandey, B. (2017). Neurophysiology of Social Conduct and Impact of Adverse Exposures. Avicenna J. Neuro Psycho Physiology, 4(1): 1-8. doi: 10.5812/ajnpp.12452

[15] Kundiev, Y. I., & Nagornaya, A. M. (2007). Professional health in Ukraine. Epidemiological analysis. Kyiv: Avicenna.

[16] Litvinova, N. A., Kazin, E. M., Lur’e, S. B., & Bulatova, O. V. (2011). The role of individual psychophysiological features in adaptation to mental activity. Herald of the Kemerovo State University, 1, 141-147.

[17] McAdams, D. P., & Olson, B. D. (2010). Personality development: Continuity and change over the life course. Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 517-542. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100507

[18] Meares, R., Gerull, F., Stevenson, J., & Korner, A. (2011). Is self disturbance the core of Borderline Personality Disorder? An outcome study of Borderline personality factors. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 214-222. doi:10.3109/00048674.2010.551280

[19] Meyer, B., Ajchenbrenner, M., & Bowles, D. P. (2005). Sensory sensitivity, attachment experiences and rejection responses among adults with Borderline and avoidant features. Journal of Personality Disorders, 19(6), 641-658. doi:10.1521/pedi.2005.19.6.641

[20] Moroz, V. M., & Makarov, S. Y. (2017). Methodology of complex assessment of the level of expression of students’ educational stress during the academic year and in the predeficial and exam period. Вiomedical and biosocial anthropology, 29, 182-189.

[21] Moroz, V. M., & Makarov, S. Y. (2017). Mechanisms of psychological protection of modern students and their changes on the eve of examinations: psychophysiological aspects. Вiomedical and biosocial anthropology, 28, 6-10.

[22] Raygorodskiy, D. Yа. (2011). Practical psychodiagnostics. Techniques and tests. Samara: Publishing House “Bahrah-M”.

[23] Rebrova, O. Yu. (2006). Statistical analysis of medical data. Application of the Statistica software package. Moscow: MediaSphera.

[24] Schauer, M., Elbert, T. (2010). Dissociation following traumatic stress: Etiology and treatment. Journal of Psychology, 218(2), 109-127. doi:10.1027/0044-3409/a000018

[25] Serheta, I. V., Bratkova, O. Y., Mostova, O. P., Panchuk, O. Y., & Dudarenko, O. B. (2012). Scientific principles of psychohygienic diagnostics of the health of children, adolescents and youth. Environment and health, 4(64), 21-25.

[26] Serheta, I. V., Grigorchuk, L. I., & Molchanova, O. P. (2002). Ways of optimization of professional adaptation of students to the conditions of study at a medical higher educational institution and their predictive value. Environment and health, 4(23), 57-61.

[27] Serheta, I. V., Panchuk, O. Y., Stoyan, N. V., Drezhenkova, I. L., & Makarov, S. Y. (2016). University hygiene in the context of implementation of the “Law on Higher Education”: physiological and hygienic bases, realities and ways of development. Environment and health, 4(80), 46-52.

[28] Sidorova, K. A., Sidorova, T. A., & Dragich, T. A. (2012). Analysis of the characteristics of the psychophysiological indicators of the organism of students in the process of their education in the university. Basic research, 2-5, 426-430.

[29] Valsine, J. (2018). Needed in Psychology: Theoretical Precision. Europe's Journal of Psychology. 14(1), 1-6, doi:10.5964/ejop.v14i1.1602

[30] Weber, K., Miller, G. A., Schupp, H.T., Borgelt, J., Awiszus, B., Popov, T., & Rockstroh, B. (2009). Early life stress and psychiatric disorder modulate cortical responses to affective stimuli. Psychophysiology, 46, 1234-1243. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2009.00871.x

[31] Welch, S. S., Linehan, M. M., Sylvers, P., Chittams, J., & Rizvi, S. (2008). Emotional responses to self-injury imagery among adults with Borderline Personality Disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(1), 45-51. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.76.1.45

[32] Yakovlev, B. P., & Litovchenko, O. G. (2008). Psychophysiological characteristics of the level of performance of students. Hygiene and Sanitation, 1, 60-63.
Published
2018-06-20
How to Cite
Moroz, V. M., & Makarov, S. Y. (2018). Features of changes of the functional state of higher nervous activity of the students of higher educational medical institutions in the dynamics of the academic year. Biomedical and Biosocial Anthropology, (31), 5-10. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/bba31-2018-01