Palmar dermatoglyphics of modern Ukrainians: regional trends
Strengthening of global migration processes, often accompanied by an increase in crime and an increase in the number of unidentified individuals, necessitates the expansion of the use of indirect identification methods. In our opinion, involving dermatoglyphic analysis in cases of unidentified persons would help in forensic medical identification of the ethno-territorial membership of an unknown person. The purpose of the work is to identify a taxonomic complex of features of palmar dermatoglyphics at the local level that allow differentiating the regional affiliation of men in Ukraine. The study of dermatoglyphics of 400 virtually healthy men from 5 administrative-territorial regions of Ukraine was conducted using the method of H. Cummins and Ch. Midlo. Statistical processing of the results was carried out in the package “STATISTICA 6.1” using nonparametric methods. The set of signs of palmar dermatoglyphic was revealed, showing a high degree of heterogeneity between men from the following administrative-territorial regions of the country: central and eastern (20.0% of indicators), central and northern (16.9% of indicators), northern and western (16.9% of indicators), western and eastern (15.4% of the indicators) regions of Ukraine. Men from the northern and eastern (6.2% of the indicators), the south and west (6.2% of the indicator) and the southern and eastern (7.7% of the indicators) regions of Ukraine show a significant affinity for the features of palmar dermatoglyphics. In general, the high taxonomic value for intra-population differentiation of the local level have: the localization and saturation of the palm pattern, the size of the palm angles, the presence/absence of additional axial triads, the length of the segment c-t, the Cummins index.
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