Motor activity of students of modern education institutions: biomedical and physiological-hygienic aspects of its assessment and optimization

  • I. V. Serheta National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • I. L. Drezhenkova National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • N. V. Stoyan National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
Keywords: students, institutions of higher education, motor activity, standards, ways of optimization


One of the key problems of modern biomedical anthropology is the scientific substantiation of the prerequisites for the formation of a healthy lifestyle, the introduction of health-saving technologies that take into account its, psychophysiological and personality features. The aim of the study is biomedical and physiological and hygienic assessment of motor activity of students of modern institutions of higher education and scientific substantiation of ways of its optimization. 385 students aged 19 to 21 were under observation during the research. As quantitative criteria for assessing motor activity, the values of daily energy consumption, the number of locomotions in a daily cycle and the duration of the dynamic component in the daily budget of time were used. The qualitative description of the values of motor activity was carried out on the basis of studying the main types of locomotives and their distribution patterns with the allocation of zones of minimal (hypokinesia), optimal (normokinesia) and maximum (hyperkinesia) values. The statistical analysis of the received materials provided for the application of the standard package of applications “Statistica 6.1”. As the norms of motor activity of modern students, the following indicators are determined: daily energy consumption values – 9000-11000 kJ for young women and 11000-13500 kJ for young men; number of locomotions in a daily cycle – 14000-18000 steps for young women and 15000-19000 steps for young men; the duration of the dynamic component in the daily budget time – 130-180 minutes in young women and 140-190 minutes in young men. Among the leading ways of optimizing motor activity are: the implementation of continuous monitoring and individualized integrated assessment of habitual motor activity; taking into account the norms of motor activity of student youth, which provide a beneficial effect on the processes of formation of their health and adaptive capacity of the body of future specialists and the mandatory achievement of their values; development and implementation of a set of measures aimed at optimizing motor activity and rational organization of motor activity of modern students.


[1] Aleksandrov, Yu. I. (2004). Psychophysiology. Sankt-Peterburg: Piter.
[2] Andersen, K. L. (1982). Habitual physical activity and health. WHO: Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen.
[3] Antomonov, M. Yu. (2017) Mathematical processing and analysis of biomedical data. Kiyv: IIC “Medinform”.
[4] Baranov, A. A., Kuchma, V. R., & Suhareva, L. M. (2008). Medical and social aspects of the adaptation of modern adolescents to the conditions of education, training and work. Moskva: GOEHTAR-Media.
[5] Bar-Or, O. (2009). Children’s health and physical activity: from physiological bases to practical application. Kiyv: Olympic literature.
[6] Bar-Or, O., Foreyt, J., Bouchard, C., Brownell, K. D, Diets, W. H., Ravussin, E., … Тorun, В. (1988). Physical activity, genetic, and nutritional considerations in childhood weight management. Med. Sci. Sports Exers, 30, 2-10.
[7] Briner, R. B. (2000). Relationship between work environments, psychological environments and psychological well-being. Occupational Medicine, 50(5), 299-303.
[8] Buckman, J. F., Vaschillo E. G., Fonoberova M., Mezić I., & Bates, M. E. (2018). The Translational Value of Psychophysiology Methods and Mechanisms: Multilevel, Dynamic, Personalized. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 79(2), 229-238. doi:
[9] Cale, L., & Harris, J. (2006). Interventions to promote young people’s physical activity – issues, implications and recommendations for practice. Health Education Journal, 65(4), 320-337.
[10] Cavill, N., Kahlmeier, S., & Racioppi, F. (2006). Physical activity and health in Europe: evidence for action. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen: Denmark.
[11] Drezhenkova, I. L. (2015). Hygienic assessment of the mode of daily activity and its features in students who differ in different levels of motor activity. Hygiene of settlements, 66, 210-216.
[12] Drezhenkova, I. L. (2015). Level of educational adaptation and features of the state of health of student youth and their relation with the level of motor activity of girls and boys. Bulletin of Vinnitsa National Medical University, 19(2), 497-501.
[13] Drezhenkova, I. L. (2015). Patterns of development of psychophysiological functions of the body of girls and boys depending on the level of motor activity. Problems of transport medicine, 4, 1(42-I), 97-102.
[14] Drezhenkova, I. L. (2016). Physiologic-hygienic assessment of the degree of effectiveness of the impact of a complex of measures aimed at optimizing motor activity of modern students. Young scientist, 1, 22-26.
[15] Drezhenkova, I. L., & Serheta, I. V. (2015). Features of the relationship between the characteristics of housing and living and social conditions of life, the regime of daily activities and adaptive resources of the body of students, depending on the level of motor activity. Reports of Morphology, 21(2), 420-424.
[16] Flora, P. K., & Faulkner, G. E. J. (2007). Physical Activity. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(4), 63-74. doi: 10.1300/J194v04n04_05
[17] Gozak, S. V., & Elizarova, E. T. (2014). To the question of the impact of the organization of the educational process in educational institutions on students' health. Abstracts published in the conference materials "Health and safety of children and adolescents: actual problems, tactics and strategy of action", Sankt-Peterburg (pp. 62-64). Sankt-Peterburg.
[18] Il’in, E. P. (2005). Psychophysiology of human condition. Sankt-Peterburg: Piter.
[19] Kagotho, N. A. (2011). Longitudinal Analysis of Physical Activity among Foreign-born Individuals. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 21(5), 540-554. doi: 10.1080/10911359 .2011.580243
[20] Kaly’ny’chenko, I. (2013). Characteristics of daily motor activity of children 7-17 years old. Young sports science of Ukraine, 2, 61-66.
[21] Kobyakov, Yu. P. (2003). The concept of norms of human motor activity. Theory and practice of physical culture, 11, 20-14.
[22] Kovalenko, E. A., & Gurovskij, N. N. (1980). Hypokinesia. Moskva: Medicina.
[23] Kumar Pandey, A. L. & Pandey, B. (2017). Neurophysiology of Social Conduct and Impact of Adverse Exposures. Avicenna J. Neuro Psycho Physiology, 4(1), e12452. doi: 10.5812/ajnpp.12452
[24] Lebedeva, N. T., Glejzerov, V. I., & Boldina, N. A. (1986). Ways to optimize the motor activity of children and adolescents. Theory and practice of physical culture, 1, 28-30.
[25] McAdams, D. P., & Olson, B. D. (2010). Personality development: Continuity and change over the life course. Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 517-542. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100507
[26] Meyer, B., Ajchenbrenner, M., & Bowles, D. P. (2005). Sensory sensitivity, attachment experiences and rejection responses among adults with Borderline and avoidant features. Journal of Personality Disorders, 19(6), 641-658. doi: 10.1521/pedi.2005.19.6.641
[27] Rebrova, O. Yu. (2006). Statistical analysis of medical data. Application software package Statistica. Moskva.: MediaSfera.
[28] Riddoch, C, & Boreham, C. (2000). Physical activity, physical fitness, and children’s health: currents concepts. Paediatric exercise science and medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[29] Sallis, J. F., Johnson, M. F., Calfas, K. J., Caparosa, S., & Nichols, J. F. (1997). Assessing Perceived Physical Environmental Variables that May Influence Physical Activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68(4), 345-351. doi: 10.1080/02701367.1997.1 0608015
[30] Serheta, I. V., & Bardov, V. G. (1997). Organization of free time and schoolchildren's health. Vinnytsya: RVV VAT "Vinobldrukarnia".
[31] Serheta, I. V., & Drezhenkova, I. L. (2015). Hygienic estimation of the level of habitual motor activity of modern students who study in a medical higher educational institutio. Biomedical and biosocial anthropology, 23, 39-44.
[32] Serheta, I. V., Bratkova, O. Yu., Mostova, O. P., Panchuk, O. Y., & Dudarenko, O. B. (2012). Scientific principles of psychohygienic diagnostics of the health of children, adolescents and youth. Environment and health, 4(64), 21-25.
[33] Serheta, I. V., Drezhenkova, I. L., & Makarov, S. Yu. (2015). The level of motor activity and the peculiarities of the processes of forming the indicators of the functional state of the visual sensor system, the somatosensory analyzer and the sustainability of student's attention. Hygiene of settlements, 65, 232-239.
[34] Serheta, I. V., Gry’gorchuk, L. I., & Molchanova, O. P. (2002). Ways of optimization of professional adaptation of students to the conditions of study at a medical higher educational institution and their predictive value. Environment and health, 4(23), 57-61.
[35] Serheta, I. V., Panchuk, O. Y., Stoyan, N. V., Drezhenkova, I. L., & Makarov, S. Yu. (2016). University hygiene in the context of implementation of the “Law on Higher Education”: physiological and hygienic bases, realities and ways of development. Environment and health. 4(80), 46-52.
[36] Suharev, A. G. (1991). Health and physical education of children and adolescents. Moskva: Medicina.
[37] Suharev, A. G., & Ignatova, L. F. (2009). Methodology for studying the educational environment and student health. Hygiene of children and adolescents: history and modernity (problems and solutions). Moskva: Children's Health Science Center RAMS.
[38] Suharev, A. G., Telenchi, V. I., & Shelonina, O. A. (1988). Motor activity and health of children and adolescents. Overview Information. Release 3. Moscow: VNIIMI.
[39] Suharev, A. G.., & Shelonina, O. A. (2012). Scientific basis of preventive pediatrics. Actual problems of health of children and adolescents and their solutions. Moscow: Publisher SCCH RAMS.
[40] Uilmor, Dzh. H., & Kostil, D. L. (1997). Physiology of sports and motor activity. Kiev: Olympic literature.
[41] Welch, S. S., Linehan, M. M., Sylvers, P., Chittams, J., & Rizvi, S. (2008). Emotional responses to self-injury imagery among adults with Borderline Personality Disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(1), 45-51. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.76.1.45
How to Cite
Serheta, I. V., Drezhenkova, I. L., & Stoyan, N. V. (2018). Motor activity of students of modern education institutions: biomedical and physiological-hygienic aspects of its assessment and optimization. Biomedical and Biosocial Anthropology, (32), 35-42.