Qualitative signs of digital dermatoglyphics as markers of diseases of atopic nature


  • V. G. Cherkasov Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • О. Ye. Маievskyi Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • I. V. Serheta National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • I. M. Makarchuk National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • N. M. Smolko National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
Keywords: types of finger patterns, atopic dermatitis, bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis.

Abstract

The lawfulness of the application of the method of dermatoglyphics in the study of atopic diseases is ensured by the polygenic inheritance of signs of dermatoglyphics, on the one hand, and the pathogenetic heterogeneity of these diseases, on the other hand, as well as high informative ability of signs of dermatoglyphics as markers of diseases of hereditary and multifactorial nature. The purpose of the study is to detect differences in qualitative signs of digital dermatoglyphics between patients with atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma. Primary indicators of digital dermatoglyphics of sick young men and young women of the Podillia region are taken from the data bank of the research center of the National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya and were used in previous studies when compared with the practically healthy population of this region. Imprints were obtained by the method of “printing ink” by Gladkova T. D. By the method of Cummins H. and Midlo Ch. a dermatological study was performed for 320 young men and young women with allergic rhinitis (n=69), bronchial asthma (n=108) and atopic dermatitis (n=143). The frequency and location of 8 types of finger patterns were subject to analysis. Statistical processing of the obtained results was carried out in the package “Statistica 6.1” using nonparametric methods. The reliability of the difference in values between independent qualitative values was determined by the formula of Weber E. (1961). The specificity of the digital typology of atopic diseases is established, which is based on the differences in the frequency and location of the whorl, central pocket and arches between the young men, except those indicated - a random pattern between young women, patients with atopic dermatitis, bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis. Additionally, when comparing young men, patients with allergic rhinitis with patients with bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis - ulnar loop; for bronchial asthma with patients with allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis - lateral pocket loop (in young men) and ulnar, lateral pocket and double loops (in young women); when comparing young men, patients with atopic dermatitis with patients with bronchial asthma, and allergic rhinitis - a random pattern.

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Published
2019-02-28
How to Cite
Cherkasov, V. G., МаievskyiО. Y., Serheta, I. V., Makarchuk, I. M., & Smolko, N. M. (2019). Qualitative signs of digital dermatoglyphics as markers of diseases of atopic nature. Biomedical and Biosocial Anthropology, (34), 5-12. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/bba34-2019-01