Indicators of subjective control level of pupils and students of modern education institutions of different types
In-depth study of criterial characteristics of the level of subjective control, establishment of the leading tendencies of their changes in the dynamics of the time of training, the implementation of clearly defined features of the organization of the educational process of comparative evaluation of the tendencies of the changes, depending on the type of institution of education, how to determine the individual features of the location of the locus of subjective control in accordance with the nature of the course of situations caused by the influence of educationally significant factors, and to predict the changes in the stereotype of educationally-determined actions that will take place in the future. The purpose of the work is to carry out a comprehensive physiological and hygienic assessment of the indicators of the level of subjective control of the personality of pupils and students of modern educational institutions of different types. The research, which included the definition of indicators of the level of subjective control of pupil and student youth (300 pupils and students), based on the use of the personal questionnaire of Rotter, was conducted on the basis of five educational institutions in Ivano-Frankivsk. The prognostic evaluation of the data obtained involves the use of descriptive statistics procedures using the licensed standardized application package of multivariate statistical analysis “Statistica 6.1 for Windows” (license number ВXXR901E245722FA). The results of the conducted research testify to the significant advantage among pupils and students of modern educational institutions of various types of external manifestations in the personal sphere. In assessing the indicators of the level of subjective control of the identity of pupils and students of educational institutions of various types, it should be noted their extremely stable character, with the lowest degree of expression was inherent in indicators of the level of subjective control over the characteristics of the general internality, as well as in the field of educational relations and in sectors of failures. In most cases were no gender-related differences (p(t)b-g>0.05) and statistically significant differences between representatives of individual educational institutions (p(t)>0.05). It should also be noted that during the entire observation period, significantly higher values of the level of subjective control in the field of failures was in young men in all educational institutions that were subject to study were noted. The given data should be further considered as diagnostic (development of methods for the integrated assessment of the state of adaptive resources of the body of boys and girls), as well as in the preventive (introduction of effective health-saving technologies and measures of psychophysiological effects on the body and psycho-hygienic correction of existing changes in the functional state of the organism) sense.
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