Features of emotional burnout of students in the conditions of pre-examination and examination academic stress
An important place in the structure of personality traits of student youth, who possesses a certain specialty and is in the conditions of pre-examination and examination academic stress, belongs to the leading characteristics of the level of expression of emotional burnout, which is an indisputable factor of formation of high level of emotional instability of young women and young men to the effects of environmental factors and social and professional living conditions. The aim of the study is to study the peculiarities of emotional burnout of students of higher medical education institutions, who are in the conditions of pre-examination and examination academic stress. The studies were conducted at the National Pirogov Memorial Medical University among 67 students of the 3rd year of the Faculty of Medicine, respectively, 1 month before the preparation and immediately before the period of differentiated tests and the examination session with the use of a personal Boyko questionnaire. The statistical analysis of the data obtained, which involved the use of descriptive statistics procedures, was carried out on the basis of using the standard statistical analysis application package “Statistica 6.1” (license number AXX910A374605FA). The results show a significant increase in the level of expression of all the leading phases of emotional burnout of students during the pre-examination and examination periods, and most of all this phenomenon relates to the most unfavorable in its content of phases of resistance and exhaustion. It is established that the level of expression of the leading characteristics of emotional burnout in the highest proportion of young women and young men is characterized by being in the phase of resistance. The highest level of expression of emotional burnout phase indicators in both young women and young men is characteristic for the period of 1 month before the examination session, however, the highest level of expression of phase indicators depletion in both young women and young men is observed immediately before the examination session. Young women have a more significant degree of expression of values that mark the leading components of the resistance phase, among young men – values that mark the leading indicators of the phases of stress and exhaustion. The determined data are of significant importance both from the standpoint of determining the features of the formation of adaptation resources of the organism, and from the standpoint of establishing practically significant approaches to the formation of students' personality, which provide the necessary for successful mastering of the future profession of the working dynamic stereotype of the teaching and professional activity prevention of unwanted emotional reactions in response to the factors of educational or work process.
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