Comparison of quality of life in postoperative patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis. The difference between open and laparoscopic treatment
Gallstone disease is quite common in the adult population and can quickly cause life-threatening conditions that require extensive surgical treatment. In recent years, the assessment of quality of life is becoming increasingly important in world medicine as an indicator of the general condition of the patient and the effectiveness of treatment and rehabilitation measures. The aim of this work – to collect and calculate indicators of quality of life in postoperative patients with gallstones of gall bladder and common bile duct; to compare data from patients with open and laparoscopic treatment; to determine the advantages of the treatment methods. For rating quality of life 36-Item Short-Form Health Status (SF-36) was used. The statistic was collected using retrospective analysis of worked out data in laparoscopic surgery unit in Volynian regional state hospital during 2016–2019 (191 patients). Patients of group I (113 patients) underwent laparoscopic treatment, patients of group II used open surgical treatment (78 people). Statistical processing was performed using the program “Statistica 6.0” (Statsoft Inc., USA). In group I pain level in first two hours was significantly lower than in group II (6.2 vs 8.4 in 10 point scale), in addition, pain relief became faster reaching low pain level of abdomen in 2.48 days. In group II pain level was higher (8.4 points) and pain relief was reached in 5.11 days. Oral nutrition and verticalisation were renewed in 14.7±3.1 hours in group I, and in 22.9±5,5 hours in group II and 6.1±1,9 hours in group I vs 19.7±3,3 hours in group II. Also, according the results SF-36, quality of life indicators indicate faster recovery in the group of laparoscopic treatment compared to the group with the classic version of the operation. The physical functioning and physical performance of the role differed significantly in favor of laparoscopic treatment throughout the follow-up period. Pain indicators in the first group were satisfactory after 1 month of rehabilitation, while in the second group such indicators were achieved only after 6 months – 91/94/94 vs. 74/89/94. Although psychological well-being differed between 1 and 3 months, in favor of minimally invasive treatment, after 6 months the data were comparable in both groups.
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