Correlations of anthropo-somatotypological indicators with indicators of personality traits of practically healthy Ukrainian women
The purpose of the work is to determine and analyze the peculiarities of correlations between the constitutional parameters of the body and personality indicators of practically healthy Ukrainian women of the first mature age. Primary anthropo-somatotypological (anthropometric examination according to the scheme of V. V. Bunak, determination of somatotype – according to the mathematical scheme of J. Carter and B. Heath; determination of fat, bone and muscle components of body weight – according to the formulas of J. Matiegka, determination of muscular components of body weight – according to the method of the American Institute of Nutrition) and indicators of personality (leading typological characteristics of temperament according to Eysenck, psychodynamic features of personality according to Spielberger, indicators of severity and features of accentuated personality traits according to Shmishek, indicators of subjective control according to Rotter) of 101 practically healthy Ukrainian women of the first mature age were selected from the data bank of materials of the research center of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya. The analysis of correlations between anthropo-somatotypological indicators and indicators of personality traits was performed in the licensed package "Statistica 6.1" using the statistical method of Pearson. Between anthropo-somatotypological indicators and indicators of personality traits of practically healthy Ukrainian women, mostly single weak-strength feedback and direct reliable correlations have been established. In most cases, the feedback is established with the leading typological characteristics of temperament according to Eysenck, psychodynamic features of personality according to Spielberger and indicators of severity and features of accentuated personality traits according to Shmishek, and direct – with indicators of subjective control according to Rotter. The multiple nature of the relationship only between the rate of accentuation of the character of the exalted type according to Shmishek with most indicators of the width of the distal epiphyses of the limbs and the size of the pelvis; between the level of subjective control in the field of failures according to Rotter with half the longitudinal sizes of the body; between the indicator of situational (reactive) anxiety according to Spielberger, or the indicator of accentuation of the character of the cyclothymic type according to Shmishek with all the girths of the chest. Quantitative analysis of significant correlations between anthropo-somatotypological indicators and indicators of personality traits of practically healthy Ukrainian women revealed the largest relative percentage of reliable correlations of anthropo-somatotypological indicators. Namely, with the leading typological characteristics of temperament according to Eysenck, the largest relative percentage of reliable relationships was established with transverse body size and somatotypological indicators; with psychodynamic features of the personality according to Spielberger – with somatotypological indicators; with indicators of severity and features of accentuated personality traits according to Shmishek – with longitudinal body dimensions, cephalometric indicators and width of distal epiphyses of extremities; with indicators of the level of subjective control according to Rotter – with longitudinal body size and somatotypological indicators.
 Antonets, О. V., Gunas, І. V., Kryvko, Yu. Ya., Prokopenko, S. V., & Glushak, A. A. (2017). Connections sonographic parameters of spleen with indicators of structure and size of the body in almost healthy women with different somatotype. Reports of Morphology, 23(1), 84-89.
 Avabde, D. S., Piskareva, S. A., Gvardeeva, S. G., & Ageeva, Y. S. (2019). Characteristics of the constitution and type of temperament in adolescents, depending on gender and climate. Siberian Journal of Life Sciences and Agriculture, 11(5-1), 12-16. doi: 10.12731/2658-6649-2019-11-5-12-16
 Bunak, V. V. (1941). Anthropometry: a practical course. М.: Uchpedgiz.
 Carter, J. L., & Heath, B. H. (1990). Somatotyping – development and applications. Cambridge University Press.
 Dubrovina I. V. (1995). Guide practical psychologist: the mental health of children and adolescents in the context of psychological services. Moscow: Academy.
 Eliseev, O. P. (2010). Workshop on psychology. St. Petersburg: Peter.
 Eroputko, S. V., & Omelich, Y. V. (2018). Analysis of personality accentuations in adolescents based on the Leonhard-Shmishek test. In Youth of the XXI century: a step into the future (pp. 257-258).
 Golovei L. A., & Rybalko E. F. (2002). Workshop on age psychology. St. Petersburg: Speech.
 Gunas, V. І. (2019). Correlations of indices of personality traits with indexes of finger and palmar dermatoglyphics of practically healthy Ukrainian men. Biomedical and Biosocial Anthropology, (34), 20-25. doi: 10.31393/bba34-2019-03
 Gunas, І. V., Prokopenko, S. V., Antonets, О. V., & Dmytrenko, S. V. (2017). Relationships of sonographic parameters of the spleen with the constitutional parameters of the body of almost healthy men of different somatotypes. World of Medicine and Biology, 2(60), 25-28.
 Hooda, H. (2019). Conscientiousness personality trait in relation to anthropometric somatotype of aquatic and non-aquatic players. International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education, 4(1), 2037-2041.
 Korsak, V. O., & Khromenkova, Y. Y. (2015). Anthropometric markers of mental and behavioral characteristics of boys and girls. In Bulletin of Medical Internet Conferences (Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. 654-658). Limited Liability Company Science and Innovation.
 Krylov, A. A. (1990). Workshop on Experimental and Applied Psychology. L.: Publishing House of the Leningrad University.
 Mantarkov, M., Ahmed-Popova, F., Akabaliev, V., & Sivkov, S. (2016). Somatotype in Bipolar Disorder Revisited: Gender Differences, Neurodevelopment and Clinical Implications. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research (IJIR), 2(9), 1028-1037.
 Mantarkov, M., Nonchev, P., & Stoyanov, D. (2013). Sexual dimorphism and the correlation structure of the somatotype of mentally healthy individuals. Psychiatry and psychopharmacotherapy, 15(4), 69-74.
 Matiegka, J. (1921). The testing of physical efficiency. Am. J. Phys. Antropol, 2(3), 25-38. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330040302
 Miroshnikov, S. A., Kravets, O. Iu., Filippova, M. G., & Chernov, R. V. (2006). Appendix to the methodological materials of the expert system of individual support “Longitude”: description of the additions to the extended version “Longituyd+”. St. Petersburg.
 Moskalenko, O. L. (2015). Characteristics of the properties of temperament in young male students of different somatotypes in Zheleznogorsk. In the World of Scientific Discoveries, 68, 442-449.
 Negasheva, M. A. (2008). The relationship of somatic, dermatoglyphic and psychological signs in the structure of the general constitution of a person from the standpoint of a systematic approach. Morphology, 133(1), 73-77.
 Pailhez, G., & Bulbena, A. (2010). Body shape and psychiatric diagnosis revisited. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 14(4), 236-243. doi: 10.3109/13651501.2010.505344
 Pashkova, I. G., Kudryashova, S. A., Kolupaeva, T. A., & Belousova, G. P. (2011). The physique and body composition of young men, taking into account the psychological characteristics of the personality in the conditions of the North. Scientific notes of St.P. SMU named after I. P. Pavlov, 18(2), 111-112.
 Radiyevskiy, D. L. (2010). Characteristics of somatotypes, types of temperament and connections between them in schoolchildren of the Grodno region. Collection of scientific works, Grodno, 30-34.
 Raigorodskii, D. Ia. (2004). Practical psychodiagnostics. Methods and tests. Samara: Publishing House “Bahrah-М”.
 Rogov, E. I. (1996). Handbook of practical psychologist in education. М.: “Vlados”.
 Semenchenko, V. V. (2018). Correlation of anthropo-somatometric parameters of the body of practically healthy women of the ectomorphic somatotype with cerebral blood circulation indicators. Biomedical and biosocial anthropology, 30, 27-35. doi: 10.31393/bba30-2018-04
 Serebrennikova, О. А., Gunas, V. І., Klimas, L. А., Ocheretna, N. P., & Shayuk, A. V. (2019). Predictive assessment of the association of dermatoglyphic indicators with indicators of personality traits, established by factor analysis. Reports of Morphology, 25(1), 12-18. doi: 10.31393/morphology-journal-2019-25(1)-02
 Serebrennikova, О. А., Semenchenko, V. V., Dmytrenko, S. V., Semenenko, A. I., Ocheretna, O. L., Maievskyi, О. Ye., & Shayuk, А. V. (2018). Correlation constitutional parameters of a body in practically healthy women of middle intermediate somatotypes with rheoencephalography indicators. World of Medicine and Biology, 1(63), 75-78. doi: 10.26724/2079-8334-2018-1-63-75-78
 Shephard, R. J. (2005). Body composition in biological anthropology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK; New York. https://www.nhbs.com/body-composition-in-biological-anthropology-book
 World Health Organization. (2001). The World Health Report 2001: Mental health: new understanding, new hope. World Health Organization.
 Yutkina, O. S. (2016). Psychological characteristics of schoolboys depending on somatotype. Amur Medical Journal, 3-4(15-16), 124-125. doi: 10.22448/AMJ.2016.15-16.124-125
 Zhao, M., Li, Y. L., & Zheng, Y. N. (2014, January). Correlations between Somatotype and Temperament in Pre-School Twins. In 2014 International Conference on Management, Education and Social Science (ICMESS 2014). Atlantis Press. doi: 10.2991/icmess-14.2014.42
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.