Correlations of anthropo-somatotypological indicators with indicators of personality traits of practically healthy Ukrainian women

  • I. I. Andriievskyi National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • О. А. Serebrennikova National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • I. V. Gunas National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • O. V. Cherkasova Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • V. I. Kyrychenko National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
Keywords: correlations, anthropometric and somatotypological indicators, indicators of personality traits, practically healthy women of the first mature age.

Abstract

The purpose of the work is to determine and analyze the peculiarities of correlations between the constitutional parameters of the body and personality indicators of practically healthy Ukrainian women of the first mature age. Primary anthropo-somatotypological (anthropometric examination according to the scheme of V. V. Bunak, determination of somatotype – according to the mathematical scheme of J. Carter and B. Heath; determination of fat, bone and muscle components of body weight – according to the formulas of J. Matiegka, determination of muscular components of body weight – according to the method of the American Institute of Nutrition) and indicators of personality (leading typological characteristics of temperament according to Eysenck, psychodynamic features of personality according to Spielberger, indicators of severity and features of accentuated personality traits according to Shmishek, indicators of subjective control according to Rotter) of 101 practically healthy Ukrainian women of the first mature age were selected from the data bank of materials of the research center of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya. The analysis of correlations between anthropo-somatotypological indicators and indicators of personality traits was performed in the licensed package "Statistica 6.1" using the statistical method of Pearson. Between anthropo-somatotypological indicators and indicators of personality traits of practically healthy Ukrainian women, mostly single weak-strength feedback and direct reliable correlations have been established. In most cases, the feedback is established with the leading typological characteristics of temperament according to Eysenck, psychodynamic features of personality according to Spielberger and indicators of severity and features of accentuated personality traits according to Shmishek, and direct – with indicators of subjective control according to Rotter. The multiple nature of the relationship only between the rate of accentuation of the character of the exalted type according to Shmishek with most indicators of the width of the distal epiphyses of the limbs and the size of the pelvis; between the level of subjective control in the field of failures according to Rotter with half the longitudinal sizes of the body; between the indicator of situational (reactive) anxiety according to Spielberger, or the indicator of accentuation of the character of the cyclothymic type according to Shmishek with all the girths of the chest. Quantitative analysis of significant correlations between anthropo-somatotypological indicators and indicators of personality traits of practically healthy Ukrainian women revealed the largest relative percentage of reliable correlations of anthropo-somatotypological indicators. Namely, with the leading typological characteristics of temperament according to Eysenck, the largest relative percentage of reliable relationships was established with transverse body size and somatotypological indicators; with psychodynamic features of the personality according to Spielberger – with somatotypological indicators; with indicators of severity and features of accentuated personality traits according to Shmishek – with longitudinal body dimensions, cephalometric indicators and width of distal epiphyses of extremities; with indicators of the level of subjective control according to Rotter – with longitudinal body size and somatotypological indicators.

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Published
2019-12-26
How to Cite
Andriievskyi, I. I., SerebrennikovaО. А., Gunas, I. V., Cherkasova, O. V., & Kyrychenko, V. I. (2019). Correlations of anthropo-somatotypological indicators with indicators of personality traits of practically healthy Ukrainian women. Biomedical and Biosocial Anthropology, (37), 22-31. https://doi.org/10.31393/bba37-2019-04

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