Peculiarities of aeromedical evacuation of wounded and sick and ways of its improvement based on the experience of anti-terrorist operation and joint forces operation
The article is describing general principles of organization of aeromedical evacuation of the patients by helicopters directly from the battlefield area. The number and nature of casualties caused by military aggression determined the organizational and functional features of aeromedical evacuation from the zone of military conflict. The purpose of the study is to investigate demographic, clinical, chronometric and economic indicators of air medical evacuation from the zone of military conflict and between hospitals within Ukraine to create, based on their global analysis, the optimal organizational and functional model of air medical evacuation in Ukraine. Created database, which filled out from various sources. Leading syndromes grouped the diagnoses with which the patients transported. Method of analysis known as an XmR chart used to study dynamic of the aeromedical evacuation process, which is one tool from a collection of methods known as statistical process control. The aeromedical evacuation system must be able to evacuate a sufficiently large number of stable patients from anywhere on the line of contact, and be flexible to respond in the event of a relatively small number of very unstable patients in the area of hostilities who need to be evacuated quickly enough. The obtained statistics can be useful for short- and medium-term planning of the aeromedical evacuation service. The configuration and operation of aeromedical units always depends on the nature and specificity of the military conflict, but the planning of deployment and determination of requirements of means for aeromedical evacuation should always base on the analysis of previous experience.
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