Peculiarities of relationships of characteristics of adaptation capabilities of the organism and indicators of motor activity of students

  • I. V. Serheta National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • I. L. Drezhenkova National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • O. Yu. Panchuk National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • N. M. Bandurka National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • M. O. Dmitriev National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
Keywords: students, motor activity, functional state of organism, adaptation capabilities, peculiarities of relationships.

Abstract

The health of student youth is largely determined by the level of functional capabilities of the organism, which depends on the level of motor activity, that is the total number of movements that a person performs in a given period of time. The purpose of the work is to establish the features of the relationship between the characteristics of adaptive capacity, functional status and level of development of psychophysiological functions and criteria for motor activity of students. The research was conducted on the basis of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, where 385 students (200 young girls and 185 young boys) were supervised, who, taking into account the peculiarities of the distribution of different levels of motor activity, were divided into 3 comparison groups – with potentially low, medium and potentially high levels of motor activity. The values of daily energy consumption, number of locomotions and duration of the dynamic component in the daily budget were used as the leading criteria of hygienic assessment of students’ motor activity. Functional features and adaptive capabilities of the organism were determined using conventional methods. The analysis of the obtained results involved the use of a standard application package of multidimensional statistical analysis “Statistica 6.1 for Windows”. The results of studies conducted on the basis of correlation analysis procedures indicate the fact that the largest number of correlations between the characteristics of psychophysiological functions and the leading characteristics of health and indicators of academic performance in professionally oriented disciplines studied are recorded in girls, and boys who belonged to the group with an average level of physical activity (daily energy expenditure of 9000-11000 kJ in young girls and 11000-13500 kJ in young boys). The use of cluster analysis procedures during the prognostic assessment of indicators of health and academic performance in professionally-oriented disciplines, made it possible to identify 3 clusters of the studied characteristics of the functional state of students, which have the most pronounced effect on their values: visual-motor speed cluster (indicators of the latent period of simple and differentiated visual-motor response), visual-sensory cluster (indicators of critical fusion of light flickers and efficiency of work performed) and integrative-coordination cluster (a number of indicators that reflect the properties of major nervous processes, characteristics coordination of movements, indicators of attention functions, etc.). Using factor analysis procedures, it determined that both young girls and young boys have the most positive impact on academic performance in vocational disciplines such factors as “functional state of the visual sensory system”, “functional state of coordination” and “functional state of higher nervous activity”.

References

[1] Ahn, S., & Fedewa, A. L. (2011). A meta-analysis of the relationship between children's physical activity and mental health. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 36(4), 385-397. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsq107
[2] Antomonov, M. Iu. (2017) Математическая обработка и анализ медико-биологических данных [Mathematical processing and analysis of biomedical data]. Киев: МИЦ “Мединформ” – Kiev: MIC “ Medinform ”.
[3] Bailey, R. (2006). Physical education and sport in schools: A review of benefits and outcomes. Journal of School Health, 76(8), 397-401. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2006.00132.x
[4] Biddle, S. J., & Asare, M. (2011). Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: A review of reviews. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 886-895. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2011-090185
[5] de la Haye, K., Robins, G., Mohr, P., & Wilson, C. (2011). How physical activity shapes, and is shaped by, adolescent friendships. Social Science and Medicine, 73(5), 719-728. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.023
[6] Ferrer-Caja, E., & Weiss, M. R. (2000). Predictors of intrinsic motivation among adolescent students in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71(3), 267-279. doi: 10.1080/02701367.2000.10608907
[7] Houwen, S., Hartman, E., & Visscher, C. (2009). Physical activity and motor skills in children with and without visual impairments. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41(1), 103. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318183389d
[8] Moroz, V. M., Makarov, S. Yu., Serebrennikova, O. A., & Serheta, I. V. (2020). Навчальний стрес та психофізіологічні критерії оцінки адаптаційних можливостей організму студентів закладів вищої медичної освіти [Educational stress and psychophysiological criteria for assessing the adaptive capacity of the body of students of higher medical education]. Вінниця : ТОВ «ТВОРИ» – Vinnytsya: TOV «TVORY».
[9] Raigorodskii, D. Ya. (2011). Практическая психодиагностика. Методики и тесты [Practical psychodiagnostics. Techniques and tests]. Самара: Издательский дом "Бахрах-М" – Samara: Publishing house "Bakhrakh-M".
[10] Raudsepp, L., & Päll, P. (2006). The relationship between fundamental motor skills and outside-school physical activity of elementary school children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18(4), 426-435. doi: 10.1123/pes.18.4.426
[11] Rebrova, O. Yu. (2006). Статистический анализ медицинских данных. Применение пакета прикладных программ Statistica [Statistical analysis of medical data. Application of the Statistica software package]. Москва: МедиаСфера – Moscow: MediaSphere.
[12] Reed, J., Metzker, A., & Phillips, D. (2004). Relationships between physical activity and motor skills in middle school children. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 99(2), 483. doi: 10.2466/pms.99.2.483-494
[13] Serdiuk, A. M., Polka, N. S., & Serheta, I. V. (2012). Психогигиена детей и подростков, страдающих хроническими соматическими заболеваниями [Psychohygiene of children and adolescents suffering from chronic somatic diseases]. Вінниця: Нова книга – Vinnytsya: Nova knyha.
[14] Serheta, I. V., Bardov, V. H., Drezhenkova, I. L., & Panchuk, O. Yu., (2020). Гігієнічні нормативи рухової активності студентів закладів вищої медичної освіти та шляхи її оптимізації [Hygienic standards of motor activity of students of higher medical education institutions and ways of its optimization]. Вінниця : ТОВ «ТВОРИ» – Vinnytsya: TOV «TVORY».
[15] Serheta, I. V., Panchuk, O. Yu., Stoian, N. V., Drezhenkova, I. L., & Makarov, S. Yu. (2016). Університетська гігієна у контексті імплементації “Закону про вищу освіту”: фізіолого-гігієнічні основи, реалії та шляхи розвитку [University hygiene in the context of the implementation of the "Law on Higher Education": physiological and hygienic foundations, realities and ways of development]. Довкілля та здоров’я – Environment and health, 4(80), 46-52.
[16] Serheta, I. V., Panchuk, O. Yu., & Yavorovskyi, O. P. (2020). Гігієнічна діагностика професійної придатності студентів закладів медичної освіти (на прикладі стоматологічних спеціальностей) [Hygienic diagnostics of professional suitability of students of medical education institutions (on the example of dental specialties)]. Вінниця : ТОВ «ТВОРИ» – Vinnytsya: TOV «TVORY».
[17] Sukharev, A. G. (1991). Здоровье и физическое воспитание детей и подростков [Health and physical education of children and adolescents]. Москва: Медицина – Moscow: Medicine.
[18] Thomas, N., & Williams, D. (2008). Inflammatory factors, physical activity, and physical fitness in young people. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 18(5), 543-556. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2008.00824.x
[19] Tymoshchuk, O. V., Polka, N. S., & Serheta, I. V. (2020). Наукові основи комплексної гігієнічної оцінки якості життя та адаптаційних можливостей сучасної учнівської і студентської молоді [Scientific bases of complex hygienic assessment of quality of life and adaptive possibilities of modern pupil and student youth]. Вінниця : ТОВ «ТВОРИ» – Vinnytsya: TOV «TVORY».
[20] World Health Organization. (2013). Young people's health – a challenge for society. Report of a study group on young people and health for all by the year 2000. World Health Organization.
[21] Wrotniak, B. H., Epstein, L. H., Dorn, J. M., Jones, K. E., & Kondilis, V. A. (2006). The relationship between motor proficiency and physical activity in children. Pediatrics, 118(6), 1758-1765. doi: 10.1542/peds.2006-0742
[22] Zeng, Q., Dong, S. Y., Sun, X. N., Xie, J., & Cui, Y. (2012). Percent body fat is a better predictor of cardiovascular risk factors than body mass index. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 45(7), 591-600. doi: 10.1590/S0100-879X2012007500059
[23] Ziviani, J., Poulsen, A., & Hansen, C. (2009). Movement skills proficiency and physical activity: A case for Engaging and Coaching for Health (EACH)-child. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 56(4), 259-265. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2008.00758.x
Published
2021-11-27
How to Cite
Serheta, I. V., Drezhenkova , I. L., Panchuk , O. Y., Bandurka, N. M., & Dmitriev , M. O. (2021). Peculiarities of relationships of characteristics of adaptation capabilities of the organism and indicators of motor activity of students. Biomedical and Biosocial Anthropology, (40), 18-25. https://doi.org/10.31393/bba40-2020-03

Most read articles by the same author(s)