Evaluation of the effectiveness of early intervention methods in newborns who have suffered hypoxic-ischemic CNS damage

  • I. V. Halactionova Vinnytsia Regional Children's Clinical Hospital, Vinnytsia, Ukraine
  • O. I. Iziumets National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • N. D. Korolova National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • K. V. Zhuk National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
  • V. Y. Angelska National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
Keywords: early intervention, newborns, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, assessment of psychomotor development, rehabilitation of young children, effectiveness.

Abstract

Timely diagnosis of cerebral disorders both in the prenatal period and in the early neonatal period, as well as early rehabilitation treatment is the basis for the prevention of childhood disability. To this end, the so-called Early Intervention System is being introduced in Ukraine. The effectiveness of early intervention techniques directly depends on timely diagnosis and correctly chosen intervention tactics. Given the high neuroplasticity of the developing brain, it is advisable to start the elements of neurodevelopmental therapy from infancy. The aim of the work is to evaluate the effectiveness of methods of early intervention in children of the first 3 months of life who have suffered hypoxic-ischemic CNS damage in the neonatal period, by assessing the main indicators of psycho-motor development. 101 children who were treated in the neonatal pathology department due to hypoxic-ischemic CNS damage and did not have concomitant somatic pathology were examined. The children were in the ward for rehabilitation. To assess the effectiveness of comprehensive rehabilitation in young children, it is advisable to use adapted for Ukraine scale of Munich functional developmental diagnostics, which allows to assess the child's development in all major areas, its harmony and effectiveness of rehabilitation measures during the first 3 years of life. Statistical processing of the obtained results should be performed in the license package "Statistica 6.1 for Windows". Timely diagnosis of cerebral disorders both in the prenatal period and in the early neonatal period, as well as early rehabilitation treatment is the basis for the prevention of childhood disability. Given the high neuroplasticity of the developing brain, it is advisable to start the elements of neurodevelopmental therapy from infancy. The effectiveness of the methods recommended for use depends on timely diagnosis and correctly chosen intervention tactics. Assessment of the effectiveness of care for children at risk of deviant psychomotor development should be based on the application of the criteria and scales recommended by international expert groups, which are adapted in our country. Signs of full-fledged early intervention in the region are: perinatal diagnosis of congenital pathology, timely provision of medical and rehabilitation, social and special pedagogical services to children aged 0 to 3 years and their families. In order to achieve the set goals, in our opinion, the priority measures should be steps to implement the national protocol for care for children with perinatal CNS injuries, approval and implementation in Ukraine of the modern International Classification of Functioning, Life and Health Restrictions, providing medical care, rehabilitation and social services for young children.

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Published
2021-11-27
How to Cite
Halactionova, I. V., Iziumets, O. I., Korolova, N. D., Zhuk, K. V., & Angelska , V. Y. (2021). Evaluation of the effectiveness of early intervention methods in newborns who have suffered hypoxic-ischemic CNS damage. Biomedical and Biosocial Anthropology, (40), 60-65. https://doi.org/10.31393/bba40-2020-10