Correlations of basal cranial structures characteristics determined by Bjork and Jarabak methods with teleradiographic parameters of the upper and lower jaws and tooth location in young men and young women with orthognathic occlusion
The widespread use of methods of cephalometric analysis in practical orthodontics requires the adaptation of normative indicators for members of the local ethnic group. It is also important to study the relationships between cranial and odontometric parameters to understand the effects of these components on each other. The aim of the study was to establish the peculiarities of correlations between the characteristics of basal cranial structures determined by Bjork and Jarabak methods with teleradiographic parameters of the upper and lower jaws and the location of teeth in Ukrainian young men and young women with orthognathic occlusion. Teleradiography was performed in the mode of cephalometric examination of 49 young men (aged 17 to 21 years) and 76 young women (aged 16 to 20 years) who had a physiological bite as close as possible to orthognathic. Cephalometric analysis according to modifications of Jarabak J. R. – Roth-Jarabak and Bjork A. – CFT-Bjork methods, performed using OnyxCeph³™ software, 3DPro version, Image Instruments GmbH, Germany (software license № URSQ-1799). All indicators were divided into three groups according to Dmitriev M. O. (2017): the first group included metric characteristics of the skull, which are used as basic indicators in the methods of cephalometric analysis; to the second group – dental-maxillary in which the skeleton has already been formed and which surgical methods can change the length, width, angles and positions of the upper and lower jaws; to the third group – indicators that actually characterize the position of each individual tooth relative to each other, cranial structures and the profile of the soft tissues of the face. Correlation assessment was performed in the license package "Statistica 6.0" using the non-parametric Spearman method. As a result of the conducted researches in Ukrainian young men and young women with orthognathic occlusion the peculiarities of multiple correlations of characteristics of basal cranial structures determined by CFT-Bjork and Roth-Jarabak methods with teleradiographic parameters of upper and lower jaws and tooth location were established. Both the CFT-Bjork method and the Roth-Jarabak method have more reliable correlations in both young men and young women between the first and second groups (23.3 % for young men and 50.0 % for young women for CFT-Bjork and 48.4 % for young men and 41.1% for young women according to Roth-Jarabak) than between the indicators of the first and third groups (respectively 12.8 % for young men and 7.7 % for young women for CFT-Bjork and 22.5 % for young men and 12.5 % for young women for Roth-Jarabak). The expressed manifestations of sexual dimorphism of the received correlations between the indicators defined by CFT-Bjork and Roth-Jarabak methods both on quantity and force, and in some cases on a direction of correlations are established.
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