Correlations between the severity of oily skin and the emotional impact of oily skin with anthropo-somatotypological parameters of men and women with seborrheic dermatitis
The increase in the prevalence and age of seborrhea, its significant impact on the psycho-emotional sphere, social status and social adaptation of patients determines the relevance of further study of the causes of dermatosis in the key of constitutional psychodermatology, namely – the study of relationships between oily skin and emotional impact of oily skin with anthropometric indicators. The aim of the study was to analyze the correlations between Oily Skin Self Assessment Scale (OSSAS) and Oily Skin Impact Scale (OSIS) in men and women with seborrheic dermatitis with body structure and size indicators. A survey of 40 men and 40 young women with generalized fatty seborrheic dermatitis done. The OSSAS and OSIS scoring system was used to assess the severity of oily skin and the emotional impact of oily skin in seborrheic dermatitis. Anthropometric survey was carried out according to the scheme of Bunak V. V. (1941). The mathematical scheme of Carter J. and Heath B. (1990) was used to evaluate the somatotype. Matiegka J. (1921) formulas were used to calculate body weight components. In addition, the muscle component of body weight was assessed by the American Nutrition Institute. Correlation analysis was performed in the license package "Statistica 6.0" using the non-parametric Spearman's method. As a result of the conducted researches multiple reliable and moderate unreliable correlations of OSSAS or OSIS with anthropo-somatotypological indicators of men and women of patients with generalized fatty form of seborrheic dermatitis of mild and severe course were established. The practical lack of similar correlations between OSIS and anthropo-somatotypological parameters in men and women with severe seborrheic dermatitis is noteworthy. Quantitative analysis of reliable and moderate unreliable correlations of OSSAS or OSIS with anthropo-somatotypological parameters in men and women with seborrheic dermatitis of mild and severe course showed that the vast majority of such correlations are inverse, and unreliable average correlations are often observed (except for OSSAS correlations with anthropo-somatotypological parameters in women with mild disease). It was also found that regardless of sex, most of the reliable or moderately unreliable correlations between OSSAS or OSIS and anthropo-somatotypological indicators are observed in the mild course of the disease. The obtained results of the correlation analysis expand the current understanding of the risk criteria and unfavorable prognosis of seborrheic dermatitis.
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