Pulmonary insufficiency – modern approach to the issue
The article gives current data concerning the main causes, pathogenetic mechanisms of occurrence and progression of pulmonary insufficiency. The modern classification of pulmonary insufficiency and types of pulmonary insufficiency depending on the mechanisms of pulmonary ventilation impairment are provided. Clinical signs of acute pulmonary insufficiency and acute respiratory distress-syndrome are clearly indicated. Clinical manifestations of chronic pulmonary insufficiency are described. The importance of spirography in diagnosing chronic pulmonary insufficiency as well as the main principles of its current treatment, prevention and rehabilitation are pointed out.